GRM Pugmark Camp

Pugmark brochure cover

A total of 6 modules will be done during this course. The outline of each module is as elaborated below:

Module I (Conducted by PBF)
This module will teach the participant very briefly the Taxonomy and Etymology of the tigers. This will be a 2 hours lecture with slides. In this module the following issues will be covered which will include evolution of the tiger, the number of sub species,  distinct location of tigers around the world, sub-species that have gone extinct and sub species that still continue to survive, the size and distinct recognizable variation between most of the sub-species. This module will be ended with some highlights on some hybrids of tiger that are in existence under controlled condition around the world. This will be followed with questions and answers.

Module 2 (In Collaboration with WWF )
Module 2 will bring to the attention of the participants the Distribution and Habitat of Tigers and also the Biology and Behaviour of Tigers. This will be a two hour interactive lecture session where discussions on where the tigers are distributed in Belum Temengor and the habitats that the tiger prefers. Under the Biology and behaviours of tigers explanations on the social activity of the tiger will be made. Basically the animal is a lone hunter and its hunting and diets will be discussed in detail.  The demarcation boundaries between the tiger and its hunting grounds will be elaborated on. Some discussion on the enemies and competitors to the tiger will be discussed. Reproductive biology of the tigers is an important aspect to increase their population size and for its conservation. Some discussions on these aspects will also be carried out 

Module 3 (In collaboration with WWF – Mark Rayan)
This module 3 will be dealing with current issues facing the tiger populations which include loss of territory due to the shrinking of the forest areas and poaching. In this module time will be spend on discussions as to how the forest areas that are tiger territory can be protected and how poaching can be eliminated. This topic will also cover the different snare and traps set up by poachers and how to recognise the same and how to dismantle such snares. The topic will also cover the type of activities the participants can do to minimize poaching (surveillance patrol, developing wildlife crime hot-line etc.) and at the same time to know the procedures to report to the relevant authorities on issues relating to tiger poaching and the poachers. Participants will be exposed to the legal provision of the Wildlife Conservation Act as it relates to poaching and its effectiveness and implementation

Module 4 (Practical - Field Visit by both PBF and WWF)
This module 5 will be a practical module where the participants are brought to an area where tigers are active. Here under the watchful eyes of the trainers, the participants will identify the pugmark of the tigers on the soil, detect areas where the tiger had defecated and if fortunate to have a first-hand view of some snares set up by poachers. This will be a half day activity for the participant to practically experience a tiger territory

Module 5 (Conducted by PBF)
This module will look into the Relation of Tigers with Humans and also the Cultural Depiction of Tigers in the Malaysia society. In this topic participants will be exposed to tiger as prey, how a tiger does becomes a man-eater and commercial hunting for sports and use of tiger in the traditional medicine industry. In relation to cultural aspects, discussion will be held on myth and legends including literature art and film on tigers to show their importance and respect for the beast and some notations will also be made on the political symbolism of the tiger in the Malaysian society.

Module 6 (Actionable Steps for Tiger Protection by RESB)
This module 6 will look onto the action to be taken by participants after this camp. It can be something that they can do continuously in real life Tiger Protection. During this session, participants have to discuss & list in group “What the actionable steps that can they do after this camp?”. For example, one of the practical module (Snare removal) can be applied after this camp if they do regular monitoring in spotted area.  Where the spotted area? Team Logistic? Safety?. Another area that can be done to help tiger protection is local education and also use of online media (facebook, instagram etc.)


Original by Dr Baskaran
Modul 6 added by RESB

Click here to download the brochure



3 Days & 2 nights camp (13th-15th October 2017)

1st Day is Friday
Day Places Time Activity
1st Day Origin 07:00 am Depart for Belum Rainforest Resort from origin destination
Belum Rainforest Resort 11:00 am Registration, Safety Briefing & Group Formation
12:00 pm Lunch at Sidai
01:00 pm Gather at Jetty EMKAY
Boat to Belum Adventure Camp & Check-In
Belum Adventure Camp (BAC) 02:30 pm Module 1 : Taxonomy and Etymology of the tigers
04:30 pm Tea Break
05:00 pm Module 2 : Distribution and Habitat of Tigers Biology and Behaviour of Tigers.
06:30 pm Break and Self Preparation
07:30 pm Dinner
08.30 pm Pugmark Web of Life (Focus on Tigers Ecosystems)
09:00 pm Module 3 : Current Issues, Legal Provisions & International Conventions
10:30 pm Supper & Lights off
2nd Day 7.00 am Exercise and Breakfast
8.00 am Gather at Jetty and Safety first
8.30 am Boat to Sg Kejar
Sungai Kejar 09:15 am Arrival and gather at Sg Kejar Campsite
10:00 am Module 4 : Pugmark Trekking & Debrief
12:00 pm Boat Back to BAC
Belum Adventure Camp (BAC) 01:00 pm Lunch at BAC
02:30 pm Module 5 : Relation of Tigers with Humans and also the Cultural Depiction of Tigers in Malaysian society
04:00 pm Tea Break
04:30 pm Water Confidence & Bamboo Rafting
06:00 pm Preparation for GRM Pug Mark Night
07:00 pm Dinner
8:30 pm GRM Pugmark Night (Pugmark Quiz & Performance)
10:30 pm Supper & Lights off
3rd Day 07.00 am Exercise and Breakfast
08:30 am Module 6 : Actionable Steps for Tiger Protection
11:00 am Closing Ceremony & Group Photo at Belum Adventure Camp
11:30 am Gather & Boat to BRR Jetty
Belum Rainforest Resort 12:00 pm Lunch at Sidai
01:00 pm Departure back to home town

#This schedule is subject to change pending weather, land, boat trips and safety considerations.

BAC-Belum Adventure Camp, PBRRC-Pulau Banding Rainforest Research Center, BRR-Belum Rainforest Resort
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